What is Internet of Things? and History of IoT

Introduction of IoT:

The Internet of Things can be a hot topic in the industry but it’s not a brand-new idea. The “Internet of Things” refers back to the concept that the Internet is not only a worldwide network for humans to talk with each other using computer systems, however it’s also a platform for gadgets to communicate electronically with the sector round them.

The end result is an international that is alive with information as data flows from one device to another and is shared and reused for a large number of functions. Harnessing the capability of all of this facts for financial and social suitable might be one of the primary challenges and opportunities of the approaching decades.

 The Internet of Things (IoT) is assisting power new sales streams, casting off steeply-priced waste and growing an aggressive benefit for clever corporations.

“Internet of Things” (IoT) was first used in 1999 via British generation pioneer Kevin Ashton to describe a system wherein objects in the physical global can be CONNECTED to the Internet by means of sensors This idea changed into coined by using a member of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) improvement network in 1999, and it has these days emerge as extra applicable to the realistic global in large part due to the growth of cellular devices, embedded and ubiquitous communique, cloud computing and data analytics.

IoT has evolved from the convergence of wi-fi technology, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), microservices and the internet. The convergence has helped tear down the silo partitions among operational technology (OT) and Information technology (IT), allowing unstructured system-generated data to be analyzed for insights a good way to force enhancements.

The Internet of Things is not a SINGLE generation. It is a whole lot extra than machine to machine communication, Wireless Sensor Networks(WSNs), Sensor Networks(SNs), 3G/4G/5G, GSM, UMTS, LTE, WiMAX, GPRS, RFID, WLAN, WI-FI, Zigbee, GPS, microcontroller, microprocessor and many others. These are taken into consideration as being the permitting technologies that make “Internet of Things” programs viable.

Internet of Things (IoT) definitely needs more IP addresses than IPv4 can provide. As an end result, there’s no IoT without IPv6.  IPv6 is the excellent connectivity choice and could permit IoT to reach its capability. It  is a protracted-anticipated improve to the Internet’s unique essential protocol – the Internet Protocol (IP), which helps all communications on the Internet.

This is necessary because the Internet is walking out of authentic IPv4 addresses. While IPv4 can aid 4.3 billion devices related to the Internet, IPv6 with 2 to the 128th power addresses, is for all sensible functions inexhaustible. This represents approximately 340 trillion, trillion, trillion addresses, which greater than satisfies the demand of the anticipated 100 billion IoT gadgets going into service in the coming many years.

What is Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things refers to the ever-developing network of bodily objects that feature an IP address for net connectivity, and the communique that occurs among these gadgets or objects and different Internet-enabled devices and systems.

Different definition of IoT:

“The time period Internet of Things commonly refers to eventualities where network connectivity and computing capability extends to items, sensors and regular items not usually taken into consideration computers, allowing these devices to generate, change and consume statistics with minimal human intervention. There is, but, no single, frequent definition.”

“The term “Internet of Things” (IoT) denotes a trend where a large number of embedded devices employ communication services offered by the Internet protocols. Many of these devices, often called “smart objects,’’ are not directly operated by humans, but exist as components in buildings or vehicles, or are spread out in the environment.”

History of IoT

The idea of a network of SMART gadgets became mentioned as early as 1982, with a changed Coke machine at Carnegie Mellon University turning into the first Internet-related appliance, capable of report its inventory and whether newly loaded drinks had been cold.Mark Weiser’s seminal 1991 paper on ubiquitous computing, “The Computer of the twenty first Century”, as well as academic venues together with UbiComp and PerCom produced the present day vision of IoT.

In 1994 Reza Raji described the idea in IEEE Spectrum as “[moving] small packets of records to a huge set of nodes, with the intention to combine and automate everything from domestic home equipment to complete factories”.

Between 1993 and 1996 several groups proposed solutions like Microsoft’s at Work or Novell’s NEST. However, only in 1999 did the field start collecting momentum. Bill Joy predicted Device to Device (D2D) communication as part of his “Six Webs” framework, provided at the World Economic Forum at Davos in 1999.

In 1999, A big year for the IoT: The Internet of Things term is coined by Kevin Ashton executive director of the Auto-ID Center:

“I could be wrong, but I’m fairly sure the phrase “Internet of Things” started life as the title of a presentation I made at Procter & Gamble (P&G) in 1999. Linking the new idea of RFID in P&G’s supply chain to the then-red-hot topic of the Internet was more than just a good way to get executive attention. It summed up an important insight which is stil often misunderstood.”

The Electronic Product Code or EPC is developed, a worldwide RFID-primarily based item identity machine intended to replace the UPC bar code

 In 2011, Nest self-getting to know Wi-Fi-enabled thermostat internet of things history Arduino Cisco, IBM, Ericsson produce massive academic and advertising tasks on the subject. Arduino and different hardware systems mature and make the IoT available to DIY’ers taking hobby inside the TOPIC.

History of the Internet of Things (IoT) – 2013 to 2024:

IoT 2013:

Coined term: The term “Internet of Things” (IoT) gains widespread recognition, popularized by Kevin Ashton, who first used it in 1999.
Early growth: The number of connected devices reaches 4.9 billion, primarily driven by RFID tags and basic sensors used in logistics and industrial applications.
Standardization efforts: Organizations like the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) begin exploring standardization frameworks for IoT communication and data exchange.

IoT 2014:

Wearable boom: Smartwatches and fitness trackers gain significant traction, showcasing the potential of wearable technology in the consumer space.
Smart home advancements: Connected thermostats and appliances start appearing in homes, laying the foundation for smart home ecosystems.
Security concerns emerge: Early discussions about data security and privacy risks associated with large-scale IoT deployments begin.

IoT 2015:

Industrial IoT (IIoT) takes shape: Businesses begin adopting connected sensors and machines in manufacturing plants to improve efficiency and predictive maintenance.
Rise of smart cities: City authorities experiment with connected infrastructure like traffic lights and sensors for environmental monitoring.
LoRaWAN protocol gains traction: This low-power, wide-area networking protocol becomes popular for applications requiring long-range connectivity with low power consumption.

IoT 2016:

Chatbots and voice assistants: The rise of virtual assistants like Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant further integrates connected devices with everyday life.
Cloud adoption accelerates: Cloud platforms become crucial for managing and analyzing the vast amount of data generated by connected devices.
Security vulnerabilities exposed: The Mirai botnet attack highlights the need for robust security measures in IoT devices.

IoT 2017:

Blockchain enters the scene: Blockchain technology is explored as a potential solution for securing data and transactions in IoT ecosystems.
Artificial intelligence (AI) integration: AI is increasingly used for tasks like anomaly detection, predictive maintenance, and personalized user experiences in IoT applications.
Focus on interoperability: The need for seamless communication between devices from different manufacturers drives initiatives towards standardized protocols and platforms.

IoT 2018:

5G rollout begins: The rollout of 5G cellular networks provides increased bandwidth and lower latency, enabling new and innovative IoT applications.
Edge computing gains importance: Processing data closer to its source, at the “edge” of the network, becomes increasingly necessary as the volume of data generated by IoT devices grows.
Concerns about ethical implications: Discussions arise about the ethical implications of widespread IoT adoption, including data privacy and potential biases in AI-powered applications.

IoT 2019:

Smart cities gain momentum: Cities around the world invest in smart infrastructure and technologies to improve sustainability, efficiency, and citizen engagement.
Security remains a top priority: The industry continues to focus on developing secure IoT devices and solutions, with regulations like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe setting new standards for data privacy.
Low-power wide-area (LPWA) networks expand: LPWA technologies like NB-IoT and LTE-M become widely adopted for connecting battery-powered devices over long distances.

IoT 2020-2021:

COVID-19 pandemic impacts: The pandemic disrupts supply chains and delays some IoT deployments, but also highlights the value of remote monitoring and connected healthcare solutions.
Increased focus on healthcare and wellness: Wearables and remote health monitoring solutions gain traction as people become more conscious of their health and well-being.
Growth in industrial automation: IoT continues to play a key role in automating various processes across industries, leading to increased efficiency and productivity.

IoT 2022-2023:

Metaverse and Web3 integration: The emergence of the metaverse and Web3 concepts opens up new possibilities for connecting and interacting with objects and experiences in the virtual world through IoT devices.
Focus on sustainability and energy efficiency: As environmental concerns grow, IoT-powered solutions are increasingly used for managing energy consumption, monitoring environmental conditions, and promoting sustainable practices.
Continued focus on security and privacy: The industry continues to develop secure and privacy-preserving solutions for IoT, with regulations and standards evolving to address emerging challenges.

IoT 2024 (present):

IoT continues to evolve and expand: The number of connected devices is estimated to reach over 30 billion, with further growth expected in the coming years.
Focus on emerging technologies: Integration of emerging technologies like quantum computing and artificial intelligence into IoT solutions is expected to unlock new capabi.

This timeline provides a brief overview of the significant milestones in the history of IoT from 2013 to 2024. It is essential to note that the field of IoT is constantly evolving, and this summary only captures some of the most notable developments.

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