Automation testing is a software testing technique where automated tools and scripts perform pre-defined actions on a software application, comparing the expected and actual outcomes. It aims to increase testing efficiency, reduce manual effort, and ensure software quality. Automated tests simulate user interactions, validate functionality, and identify defects, providing rapid feedback to developers. Popular tools like Selenium, Cypress, Appium, and JUnit facilitate automation by executing test cases across different platforms and environments. While automation testing enhances speed and accuracy, it requires strategic planning and continuous maintenance to adapt to evolving software changes.
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