What are the key responsibilities of SAP Basis Administrator?
The key responsibilities are −
·         System installation and configuration.
·         Load balancing on servers.
·         Performance management of different components.
·         Managing interfaces and integration with servers.
·         Managing servers and different services.
What is the current version of SAP GUI? How do you install it?
SAP GUI 7.4, the latest version for Windows was released in October, 2014. It supports various features like — it is by default installed with NWBC 5.0 and SAP GUI and GUI shortcuts are launched through NWBC.
Explain the architecture of SAP system with different layers. What is the use of Gateway?
Presentation layer communicates with the application server to perform all the processing. This is known as the brain of a SAP system.
An application server consists of multiple instances and communicates with the database layer of the three-tier architecture.
Bottom layer is called the database layer. This is responsible to store all the data. Database of SAP system is kept on a separate server for performance and security reason.
The Presentation layer consists of different components for ABAP and JAVA that enables the communication and processing of data in SAP system. The key components at Presentation layer also includes — Gateway. This is used to manage communication between SAP system and external systems.
Suppose you have to integrate SAP ECC 6.0 to AWS cloud. How can you achieve this?
You have to make use of SAP Cloud Appliance Library (CAL). This will help you to directly push SAP ECC software to your cloud environment by entering the Security key.
How do you check the installed software components and product versions on SAP system?
Go to SAP system data Click on component magnifying glass.
The following two options will be displayed −
·         Installed Software Component Versions
·         Installed Product Versions
·         Under installed software component, you can see all the software installed, support package, service pack, description etc. If you want to check the details of each component, you can select the component and go to the details tab as shown above.
·         Go to Installed Product Versions; it will show you the version of the installed SAP NetWeaver.
What is client administration in SAP system? Why do we use multiple clients in SAP system?
A client is used in SAP system for multiple login on a single instance. You can create multiple clients on a single instance. It also provides data security as one user with one client can’t see the data of the other user with another client and also there is no need to install the software again.
The following are the advantages of client administration in SAP system −
·         Using SAP Clients, the same resources can be shared between multiple users.
·         It helps you to manage SAP system landscape as you can create multiple clients for DEV, QA and PROD team.
·         It allows you to share the SAP system with a large number of users.
·         We have standard clients in SAP system
What are the different user types in SAP system that an admin can use while creating a new user?
The following are the five different types of user types −
Dialog user — This user is used for interactive system access from GUI.
System user — This user is used for background processing and communication within a system.
Communication user — This user is used for external RFC calls.
Service user — This user is created for a larger and anonymous group of users.
Reference user — These are reference users with no logon possible, non-person related users that allow the assignment of additional authorizations.
How can you define login policy for users in SAP system?
You can set the number of incorrect login attempts and then system can end the session or can also lock the user account if parameter value is set by Administrator. There are two types of parameters used −
Static − This parameter doesn’t apply immediately and the system needs a Restart for this.
Dynamic − This parameter can be applied directly and the system does not need a Restart.
To set the value of parameters, use transaction code — RZ11s

What are the different login and password parameters that can be applied in SAP system?
To set the number of failed attempts, use parameter — login/fails_to_session_end.
Likewise, you have other parameters such as login/fails_to_session_end, login/fails_to_user_lock
The following are the password policy parameters −
·         login/min_password_lng
·         login/password_expiration_time
What are the categories to execute SAP Background jobs?
Class A (High Priority) − This is used for urgent or critical tasks. These tasks must be scheduled with class A priority job. Class A job reserves one or more background work processes.
Class B (Medium Priority) − These jobs are executed after the completion of Class A high priority jobs.
Class C (Low Priority) − These jobs run once class A and class B jobs are completed.
What are the different options available for scheduling a background job? What start conditions type can be used?
To schedule a background job you must specify the conditions that will trigger the job to start.
The different types of start condition you want to use are −
·         Immediate
·         Date/Time
·         After Job
·         After Event
·         At Operation Mode
What are the different types of job status? Can you unschedule an active job?
The different types of status are - Scheduled, Released, Ready, Active, Finished, Cancelled
You can’t unschedule a job if it is active. You need to wait for the completion of the job to unscheduled it.
What is the use of commit value while deleting jobs in SAP system?
Commit value is proportional to program performance. If the commit value is high, then job deletion will run faster. Recommended value is >= 1000.
Which transport directory is used to implement support package and add-ons?
Transport directory /usr/sap/trans should have enough space.
What is the use of Kernel in SAP system? How do you check the current Kernel version in SAP system?
Kernel is an executable program that exists between SAP Applications and operating system. It consists of executable program under the path — "/sapmnt/<SID>/exe" for UNIX and \usr\sap\SID\SYS\exe\run Windows. It starts and stops application services such as message server, dispatcher, etc.
In Kernel upgrade, new .exec files replace old executable files in SAP system. To check the current version, use Transaction SM51 and go to Release Notes.
To check the status, go to System Status tab Other Kernel info
What are the key activities that you perform as part of SAP Basis support?
·         Job Processing and Scheduling
·         User Management
·         SAP system configuration and Client Administration
·         Installation and Patch Upgrade
·         Installation and Patch Upgrade
·         Managing interfaces and integration with servers
How do you check the users logs in your system and how many sessions each user is generating?
SM04: To check number of users are logged into the system and in which client and how many session each user is generated and in each session what transaction is being executed.
How do you maintain roles in SAP system?
PFCG: This is used to maintain roles in SAP system.
What is SAP GUI?
SAP GUI is known as client tool which is used to access remote central server and runs on different operating systems like Microsoft Windows, UNIX, Mac, etc. This is used to manage and access SAP applications like SAP ECC and SAP Business Intelligence system.
Do you know the different supported platforms for SAP GUI?
·         SAP GUI for the Windows environment
·         SAP GUI for the Java(TM) environment
·         SAP GUI for HTML / Internet Transaction Server (ITS)
Are you aware of Blue Crystal design of SAP GUI?
SAP Blue Crystal is a new visual design theme which succeeds Corbu. It provides a consistent design that allows users to seamlessly experience SAP GUI and NWBC elements. It is the standard theme of Fiori applications and comes with a new color palette and icons which are better scalable.
What is SAP Market place?
To download SAP Products. Service.sap.com to login to SAP Market Place
What is the difference between Sandbox, Development box and Production server?
Sandbox server - When a project is implemented, at the initial stages a sandbox server is used where all the customization, configuration is performed.
Development Server - Next is to save the configuration in development server and saved in workbench requests and this has to be transported to Production server.
Production Server - You can consider it as last or most refined stage where the work is done when project is in production/go live. All the changes that are requires by client are performed in DEV environment and later and the request is transported to production.
How do you create an instance?
To create an instance, you should first define an operation mode. To create an instance, go to CCMS > Configuration or use Transaction code RZ04.
Where do you download trail version of SAP ECC, what is SAP CAL?
You can download SAP ECC 6.0 free trial from SAP Market place. It is also possible to integrate SAP ECC 6.0 trial using SAP Cloud Appliance Library ACL to AWS or other cloud environment service provider by providing user public cloud key.
What is SAP NetWeaver?
SAP NetWeaver is known as open technology software component that provides you a platform to run critical business applications and integration between people, processes and information. It allows the composition, provisioning, and management of SAP and non-SAP applications across a heterogeneous software environment.
What is SAP NetWeaver Administrator tool?
SAP NetWeaver Administrator (NWA) is a Web-based tool that allows you to perform configuration, advanced administration, monitoring, troubleshooting, and diagnosing a SAP NetWeaver system.
You can use NWA tool in these working modes −
·         Online
·         Local and remote
What do you understand by SAP Client administration?
A client is used in SAP system for multiple login on single instance. You can create multiple clients on a single instance. It also provides data security as one user will client can’t see data of other user and also there is no need to install the software again.
When your database size is large, how you can perform client copy in SAP landscape?
It is always recommended to use import/export option for client copy when database size is large.
Steps to export a client − Log on to Target system and create an entry for new target client using Transaction SCC4. To perform export for transferring data files to target system import buffer use Transaction SCC8.
What is password policy?
It is also possible to define password policy for users in SAP system. This includes −
·         User has to set minimum password length
·         Password expire policy
·         Password complexity, etc.
What do you understand by executing background jobs in SAP system?
Background jobs are jobs in SAP system that run in the background without effecting normal operations in the system. Background jobs are used to reduce manual effort and to automate the process. They can run in the background without any user input and can be scheduled to run when system load is low.
What do you understand by Transport Management in SAP Basis?
TMS is one of the key component in SAP system and used to control the new requests, to monitor the changes- who has implemented the changes, defining and configuring system landscape in SAP environment.
Where do you check Transport request logs?
You can also check the logs once the transport request is completed. To check the logs, Transaction SE01 GoTo Transport Logs
What is the use of Patches in SAP system? Could you name few common patch types?
In SAP system, when a bug is found you have to use patches to fix the bug. There are different types of patches that can be used in SAP system. All patches start with SAPK followed by patch type.
·         ABAP (SAPKA620XXXX)
·         ABAP (SAPKA620XXXX)
·         ABAP (SAPKA620XXXX)
·         ABAP (SAPKA620XXXX)
What is RFC connection?

To communicate between SAP systems, there is a need to define a mechanism. One of the most common way is to define Remote function Call RFC connection between two systems. By creating a trusted RFC connection between two, it allows you to create trusted-trusting relationship between systems and you can communicate and exchange information and data.
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